In 1963, Galerie Parnass in Wuppertal, West Germany, held Nam June Paik’s first exhibition, entitled Exposition of Music: Electronic Television. This marked Paik’s transition from composer and performance-based practitioner to visual artist in search of a new language through technological devices. In Zen for TV, the artist altered a television picture to form a single line and turned the television ninety degrees, transforming it into a sculptural object. Paik’s use of the line may have inspired by the work of John Cage, who was known for his Zen Buddhist–inspired approach to art. Paik translated this austerity into a technological form, defining a practice that was deeply influential for generations of artists working with new media.