M+ no longer supports this web browser.

M+ 不再支持此網頁瀏覽器。

M+ 不再支持此网页浏览器。

James Kinoshita: Building the Unanticipated
James Kinoshita: Building the Unanticipated
Video Transcript

JAMES KINOSHITA: Looking at the skyline now, I find that the strength of Hong Kong or the image of Hong Kong is the harbour and the Peak behind them. And the buildings in the foreground become just a mass of images. I think Hong Kong is a city of a clash of various images. I guess that gives us the liveliness of Hong Kong. Probably the architecture reflects this. It's a mixture of all sorts of things.

At that time, it had a very colonial feel about it. There are a lot of buildings of colonial period, like the Prince's Building. And then you've got the old Post Office. So there were a lot of that type of building. Hong Kong is a very dense city, so you've got to go up high to build on the land. With the Connaught Centre or Jardine House, as they now call it, basically it's a tower form. You put a tower going all the way down to the ground and leave the ground free as a plaza. So we'll build a bridge across Connaught Road so that people can come over. That is how the walkway system in Central started. It started from Connaught Centre crossing Connaught Road.

In order to get light into the office space, we had to produce windows. I took some of these ideas home. My wife [Lana], when she looked at it, she said, ‘Oh, it looks so boring. Why don't you try something different, like circles?’ A popular artist called [Victor] Vasarely, he uses squares and circles. I like that painting, so I thought, well, I would use the same principle. So that's why we went ahead and put circular windows into the office space.

It's very difficult to practice in Hong Kong, where everything is fairly commercial. It's high rise. I wondered whether I should stay in Hong Kong or not, and at that time, I asked Lana what she thinks about it. She said, ‘Why? Why do you want to go away?’ I said, ‘Well, Hong Kong is lacking in culture. It's very difficult to do good design.’ And she said, ‘Well, why don't you challenge it? Why don't you do something about it?’ With that fact and with that challenge, I accepted the partnership [at Palmer and Turner] and then tried to do my best to come up with the best solution for them. I don't regret it. I think, well, I'll try to do my best, try to do the best I can, as far as architecture is concerned.

I think Hong Kong is a city of a clash of various images. I guess that gives us the liveliness of Hong Kong.

James Kinoshita

Find out how Canadian architect James Kinoshita helped turn Hong Kong into one of the world’s most iconic vertical cities

When James Kinoshita (Canadian, born 1933) arrived in Hong Kong in 1960, he inadvertently found himself at the forefront of the city’s construction boom. During his twenty-eight years at Palmer & Turner, one of Hong Kong’s oldest architectural and engineering firms, Kinoshita designed some of the city’s most enduring architectural landmarks.

Video Credits

Produced by



Kenji Wong Wai Kin

Curatorial Research

Winnie Lai, Tina Pang

M+ Video Production

Lara Day, Chris Sullivan

Special Thanks

Aric Chen, Lana Cheung, James Kinoshita, Michael Rogge, P&T Architects and Engineers Ltd.

This video was originally published on M+ Stories.

M+ Members

  • Access to the M+ Lounge with your guests
  • Access to M+ Private Viewing for General Admission only
  • Priority booking and member discounts
  • Priority lanes access for General Admission only
  • Free access to the M+ galleries (General Admission only) and selected cinema screenings

... and much more

M+ Membership benefits list updated in November 2022